The iron and steel industry is considered the backbone of modern industry. Jamshedpur, the first preplanned industrial city in India is also known as Pittsburgh of India. Recently it was ranked the 84th fastest-growing city in the world.
Today, Tata group is one of the largest private steelmaker companies in the world. TISCO was established in 1907 was founded by Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata.
Jamshedpur : Pittsburgh of India
Jamshedpur is called Pittsburgh Of India because it has all the similarities with the steel-making capital of the world. Both cities are rich in minerals, water sources are available nearby cities. Another reason is, the city was designed by Julian Kennedy, an engineer from Pittsburgh.
The idea to establish a steel plant
Once, Jamshedji was in Manchester, where he attended a lecture by Philosopher Thomas Carlyle in which he said,
“The nation which gains control of iron soon acquires the control of gold.”
These words inspired J.N.Tata and then he decided to establish India’s first steel plant. In 1900 he met Lord Hamilton, Secretary of State for India. J.N.Tata explained his thoughts about an industrialized nation. Hamilton was impressed with the Tatas’ thoughts and was most enthused with the idea of India producing its own steel. He acknowledged his superordinate passion and assured him that he would support him in all his schemes.
In later years, In Pittsburgh, J.N Tata found Julian Kennedy, the foremost metallurgical engineer in the world. Mr Kennedy was so impressed by Jamsetji. He sent him to Charles Page Perin, a surveyor of international repute in New York. He is the person who helped Jamashetji to find a place in Jamshedpur to establish a steel factory.
Jamshedpur Is The Ideal Place To Plant A Steel Industry
In India, Perin and his team were searching for the best place for the steel plant. After struggling, finally, Perin and his team found a place called Sakchi. Which was only 32 km away from Kalimati station on the Bengal-Nagpur railway line. It was also close to the iron ore, coal and manganese deposits and sufficient water supply from the Subarnrekha river and Kharkhai. They found this place ideal for the steel plant, But Unfortunately, Jamsetji passed away after a few years and Then his son Sir Dorabji and his cousin RD Tata together fulfilled Jamsetji’s dream. And in 1907, the world witnessed Asia’s first integrated steel company.
Tata Steel’s contribution in world war
In 1914, when World War I broke out, Tata’s steel mill proved invaluable. Much of India’s steel output was diverted to construct rails for transporting troops and supplies. Nearly 1,500 miles of rail and 3,00,000 tonnes of steel produced in Jamshedpur were used in military campaigns across Mesopotamia, Egypt and East Africa.
After the end of the war, in 1919, the erstwhile Viceroy of India, Lord Chelmsford, personally visited the Tata Steel plant to thank the steel mill for its contribution. He gratefully said, before christening the steel city Jamshedpur, in memory of Jamsetji and honour of his contribution, he renamed the city’s Kalimati railway station name as a Jamshedpur.
“I can hardly imagine what we would have done if the Tata Company had not given us steel for Mesopotamia, Egypt, Palestine, and East Africa,”Lord Chelmsford